Manambala a Mayan kuyambira 1 mpaka 1000

Amaya anali amodzi mwamayiko otukuka kwambiri komanso otsogola kwambiri ku Mesoamerica komanso padziko lonse lapansi. Chikhalidwe cha Mayan chimapilira ku Peninsula Yucatan, Mexico, ndi madera ena a Guatemala. Mosakayikira chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zidakopa chidwi cha Amaya ndikuti anali otukuka kwambiri kuyerekeza ndi anthu ena, omwe anali ndi chidziwitso cha nyenyezi komanso dongosolo lowerengera kwathunthu. M'nkhaniyi tikambirana Manambala a Mayan ndipo mutha kuphunzira zoyambira.

mbendera yovomerezeka ya mayan

Dongosolo lamanambala aku Mayan limakopa chidwi kwambiri chifukwa linali lokwanira komanso lokwanira, ngakhale adapangidwa palokha. Chitukukochi chinali ndi lingaliro lomveka la nyengo, china chimene azungu analibe mpaka Ahindu atawawonetsa.

Manambala onse a Mayan

Chotsatira tilemba manambala onse a Mayan kuyambira 1 mpaka 1000. Pali zithunzi zingapo zomwe mutha kutsitsa pamakompyuta anu, mafoni komanso ngakhale kusindikiza kuti muwerenge mozama.

kuyambira 1 mpaka 100

Manambala a Mayan kuyambira 1 mpaka 100

kuyambira 1 mpaka 500


kuyambira 1 mpaka 1000

Manambala a Mayan kuyambira 1 mpaka 1000

Tikukhulupirira kuti mndandandawu ndiwothandiza kwa inu, mutha Tsitsani mtundu wa PDF podina apa. Ngati muli ndi mafunso ndi nambala mutha kusiya ndemanga kumapeto kwa nkhaniyi.

Mbiri ya manambala a Mayan

Akatswiri amaganiza kuti Makina olemba a Maya ndi ma hieroglyphs, chifukwa ili ndi mawonekedwe ofanana ndi kachitidwe kamene kankagwiritsidwa ntchito ku Egypt wakale. Zolemba zake zinali zophatikiza ma ideograms ndi zilembo zamatchulidwe, motero ndizovuta kumvetsetsa zomwe zili.

Palibe zambiri pazolemba za Mayan chifukwa Ansembe aku Spain adalamula kuti awotche mabuku onse aku Mayan.

Chosangalatsa pamachitidwe owerengera a Mayan ndikuti adazipanga kuti athe kuyeza nthawi osachita kuwerengera masamu. Chifukwa chake, Manambala a Mayan amalumikizana molunjika ndi masiku, miyezi ndi zaka, ndichifukwa chake kalendala ya Mayan ndi imodzi mwazinthu zodziwika bwino ndipo ndi imodzi mwazokwanira kwambiri komanso zolondola padziko lapansi.

Momwemonso, dongosolo la mawerengero ndi masamu la Amaya linali loyamba kukhazikitsa dongosolo. Ndiye kuti, kuchuluka kwa manambala kapena nambala kumadalira pamalowo. Izi ndikufotokozera mwatsatanetsatane pansipa.

Kodi manambala a Mayan amalembedwa bwanji?

Kuwerenga manambala a Mayan ndikosavuta kumva ndikumvetsetsa. Izi ndichifukwa choti zilipo zokha zizindikiro zitatu, ngakhale mafomu amatha kukhala osiyanasiyana kutengera momwe amapatsidwa. Mawerengero ena anali a codices, ena azipilala ndipo ena anali ndi ziwonetsero za anthu.

Zizindikiro zitatu zoyambirira zomwe titha kupeza m'manambala a Mayan ndi: Mfundo (1), mzere (5) ndi nkhono / mbewu / chipolopolo (0).

nambala za mayan zili bwanji

Mwa kuphatikiza zizindikilo zitatuzi, manambala a Mayan ochokera 0 mpaka 20. Kuyambira pano mtsogolo, ndikofunikira kuti muzikumbukira kuti munambala ya Mayan kuchuluka kumagawidwa 20 ndi 20.

Nanga bwanji manambala a Mayan kuyambira 21 kupita mtsogolo? Apa ndipomwe mungayamikire dongosolo la mawonekedwe a Mayan, momwe mtengo wa nambala kapena chiwerengerocho umasiyanasiyana kutengera momwe imapezekera, kutengera mawonekedwe oyimirira omwe nambala imakhalapo.

Pansi pake pali manambala (omwe amachokera 0 mpaka 20), pomwe pamlingo wapamwamba manambala amafunika kuchuluka kwake kuchulukitsidwa ndi 20.

Mwachitsanzo, mu nambala 25: m'munsi mwake muli 5 (mzere womwe uli wofanana ndi 5), ndipo gawo lakumtunda ndilofanana ndi 20 (mfundoyi ndiyofanana ndi 1, koma pokhala kumtunda kwake imachulukitsidwa ndi 20).

Ngati chiwerengerocho chili ndi gawo lachitatu, ndiye chithunzi chomwe chili mgawo lachitatu chichulukitsidwa ndi 3 (20 x 20). Mukayamba kugwiritsa ntchito gawo lachinayi, ndiye chithunzi chomwe chili mgawo lachinayi chizachulukitsidwa ndi 4 (20x20x20).

Makhalidwe owerengera a Mayan

Monga ndanenera poyamba, chimodzi mwazifukwa zomwe ma Mayan adakopera chidwi cha akatswiri ndikuti zinali ndi zovuta zambiri kuti zidapangidwa payekhapayekha komanso zaka zoposa 2.000 zapitazo, popeza kafukufuku wasonyeza kuti zidapangidwa mazana wazaka BC Komano, zimadziwika kuti ndi chikhalidwe choyamba mdziko lonse la America kukhala ndi lingaliro loti "palibe" kapena "zero".

Mosiyana ndi zomwe tingaganize poyang'ana koyamba, a Mayan sanapange nambala yawo kuti achite masamu, koma m'malo mwake ankagwiritsa ntchito kuyeza nthawi. Izi zimadziwika chifukwa cha zomwe akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale apeza zotsalira pomwe kuwerengetsa kumayendetsedwa poyesa nthawi ndi magawidwe ake kukhala tizigawo tating'ono. Ngakhale zinali choncho, amawagwiritsanso ntchito kufotokoza zinthu zina.

Njira yoyendetsera ma Mayan imadziwika kuti ndi yolondola kwambiri padziko lapansi. Momwemonso, amakhulupirira kuti Kalendala ya Mayan ndi yolondola kwambiri kuposa kalendala ya Gregory ndikuti idalinso ndendende chimodzimodzi ndimayendedwe amakono.

Ngakhale kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwakukulu kwa manambala awo kunali kuyeza nthawi, chifukwa cha izi adachita bwino kwambiri pakujambula, kukhulupirira nyenyezi ndi masamu.

Ponena za masamu, amadziwika kuti Mayas anali omveka bwino pamalingaliro amakona atatu, anayi, anayi, mabwalo ozungulira ndi kuzungulira, kuphatikiza amatha kuyeza ngodya. Amadziwa ziwerengero zambiri zamajometri ndi mitundu yamajometri, omwe amatha kuyeza ndikuzigwiritsa ntchito mosavuta.

Makina owerengera a Mayan omwe tikunenawo ndi omwe amadziwika kwambiri, koma siwo okhawo owerengera ma Mayan omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Makina owerengera "mutu" wa Mayan

Njira ina yowerengera manambala yomwe amagwiritsa ntchito ndiyodziwika bwino chifukwa amagwiritsa ntchito mitu ya milungu yosiyanasiyana kuyimira manambala, ndichifukwa chake amadziwika kuti dongosolo lowerengera mutu. Imeneyi ndiyomwe imagwirira ntchito ndipo nambala yake yayikulu ndi 20.

M'dongosolo lino lowerengera chiwerengero chachikulu cha milungu yomwe ingayimilidwe inali 14, kotero anali okwanira kubisa manambala kuyambira 0 mpaka 13. Kodi mudachita chiyani kuyimira manambala 6 omwe akusowa mpaka 19? Adayika manambala a Mayan kuyambira 10 mpaka 4 kumunsi kwa chibwano cha mulungu yemwe amayimira 9.

Mosakayikira ndi dongosolo lovuta komanso losakwanira, ndichifukwa chake silinagwiritsidwe ntchito m'malo ambiri a Mayan, ambiri aiwo amagwiritsa ntchito mfundo, mikwingwirima ndi nkhono.

Ma Mayan anali amodzi mwamayiko opambana kwambiri komanso odabwitsa padziko lapansi, mwina otsogola kwambiri munthawi yawo m'njira zambiri. Kupita patsogolo kwake masamu, makina ake owerengera, kalendala yake, kapangidwe kake, kudziwa kwake zakuthambo, ndi zina zambiri, mzambiri mwazinthuzi zidapambana chitukuko chilichonse chamakono.

Chotsatira tiwona kanema wosangalatsa kwambiri wonena za manambala a Mayan:

Kusowa kwake komanso tsogolo lake

Akatswiri akukhulupirira kuti kutha kwachitukuko cha Mayan kunachitika pakati pa M'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu ndi chisanu ndi chinayi ya nthawi yathu ino, yomwe ili chimodzi mwa zinsinsi zazikulu kwambiri m'mbiri ya anthu. Mpaka lero chifukwa chosiya pang'onopang'ono mizinda yayikulu ya Mayan, yomwe idakhala mizinda yayikulu yokhala ndi chikhalidwe komanso ukadaulo wapamwamba, sichikudziwika. Olemba mbiri yakale akupitilizabe kufunafuna zomwe zingamuthandize kuti asasowe.

Pakadali pano, zina mwazongoganizira zakusiyidwa kwa mizinda ya Mayan zimakamba za masoka achilengedwe, kuwukira kwa maufumu amphamvu kwambiri kapena kutha kwachuma komwe kudawakakamiza kuti asamukire kumadera omwe ali ndi nthaka zachonde. Komabe, palibe imodzi mwazifukwazi zomwe zatsimikiziridwa.

Koma, Kodi kugwa kumeneku kunatanthauzanji pamachitidwe owerengera a Mayan, kalendala yawo komanso kupita patsogolo konse komwe adachita? Chidziwitso chonsechi chinali chachikulu kwambiri kuposa chi Europe chamakono komanso mwina padziko lapansi.

amodzi mwa mapiramidi ambiri achikhalidwe cha Mayan

Pamene a Spain adafika ku Yucatán m'zaka za zana la XNUMXth, kugwa kwachitukuko cha Mayan kudachitika zaka mazana angapo zapitazo, kotero kulumikizana ndi aku Spain ndi chikhalidwe chonse cha Mayan sikunali kofunikira monga momwe kunaliri ndi Aaztec ndi zitukuko zina zomwe zidasungabe nyumba zazikulu.

Cholowa cha masamu cha Mayan chinasonkhanitsidwa ndi anthu omwe adakhazikika m'malo omwewo kuti iwo, makamaka Aaziteki, omwe adadziwikiranso chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito kwambiri masamu, ngakhale dongosolo la masamu la Aztec linali ndi zosiyana zingapo mokhudzana ndi machitidwe a Mayan.

Pomwe kutha kwa chitukuko cha Aztec ndi zina zotukuka zazikulu ku Mesoamerica, zotsalira za chikhalidwe cha Mayan zidatsalira m'mbiri. Zotsalira zomwe zatsala kuti ziwerengedwe ndi chidziwitso chathu ndizochepa komanso zofunikira kwambiri.. Mwa zotsalira za chidziwitso cha Mayan, Dresden Codex ndiyodziwika, lomwe ndi buku lakale kwambiri ku America konse, momwe muli gawo lathunthu lopatsidwa kalendala ndi dongosolo la manambala.

Zochita

Chotsatira, takukonzekererani pang'ono kuti muthe kuyesa kudziwa manambala a Mayan. Mutha kuwunikanso zomwe takhala tikuphunzira munkhaniyi popanda vuto, chofunikira ndikuti musunge zoyambira ndi zoyambira luck Bwino!

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