Nthano ya Prometheus ndi Pandora

Prometheus amadziwika kuti ndi munthu wabwino kwambiri m'nthano zachi Greek. Ngakhale Iye anali titan wobadwira wa ma titans okhala m'chilengedwe chonse Asanabwere milungu ya Olimpiki, adalumikizana nawo ndikupanga mgwirizano pogawana nawo zomwezo. Apa muwona nthano ya ngwazi iyi yoyang'anira mtundu wa anthu. Mukudziwa omwe anali makolo awo, machitidwe awo omwe amaika thanzi lawo pachiwopsezo kuti apereke zikhalidwe zakufa zomwe zinali milungu yokha komanso ubale wake ndi Pandora wotchuka. Popanda zina zomwe zikukupangitsani kudikirira, yambani kuwerenga chidwi cha Prometheus.

nthano ya prometheus ndi pandora

Kodi makolo a Prometheus anali ndani?

Munthawi ya milungu ya Olimpiki, ma Titans analiponso ndipo Prometheus anali m'modzi wa iwo. Iye anali mwana wa Iapetus ndi nymph wam'madzi wotchedwa Clymene.. Abale ake anali: Epimetheus, Menecio ndi Atlas. Pakati pawo, Prometheus anali wolimba mtima kwambiri, wokhoza kutsutsa milungu ngakhale zitamukhudza bwanji mtsogolo.

Kodi Prometheus anali kuchita chiyani?

Iye anali woyang'anira kulenga umunthu, tiyeni tiwone momwe kutenga nawo gawo pantchitoyi kunalili. Poyamba, iye ndi mchimwene wake Epimetheus anali ndi udindo wopanga nyama ndi mtundu wa anthu. Momwe mungaperekere zonse zofunika kuti akhale ndi moyo, zonse zakuthupi ndi malo okhala mtundu uliwonse.

Epimetheus adayamba polenga nyamazo. Anawapanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndipo aliyense anawapatsa mawonekedwe osiyana ndi ena. Malinga ndi nthano, zamoyo zosiyanasiyana zidapangidwa ndi malingaliro a munthuyu. Pamene munthu amayenera kupanga, adamuyitana Prometheus, kotero pakati pa awiriwo amatha kuchita chinthu chachikulu, choyambirira.

Inali nthawi imeneyo Prometheus adauziridwa ndi kulengedwa kwa munthu ndi mphamvu zosiyana ndi ziweto. Anawapangitsa iwo kuganiza kuti akhoza kudzisamalira okha, ndi kulingalira ndi kulingalira m'zochita zawo. Makhalidwe awo anali osiyana ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito, mawonekedwe awo, komanso luntha lawo. Inali ndi luso lomanga ntchito zomwe amafunikira kuti achite ntchito zawo.

Mofananamo, iwo anali ndi ulamuliro pa zinyama kuti aziweta, monganso momwe angagwiritsire ntchito nthaka mwa mbewu, kubzala ndi kukolola mbewu zawo. China chapadera chomwe Prometheus adapatsa anthu chinali mphamvu yakuba, zomwe zidakwiyitsa Zeus kwambiri chifukwa ichi chinali chidziwitso chomwe chimafanana ndi milungu yokha. Izi ndi zina zomwe zidamupangitsa kuti azunzidwe kwambiri.

Zambiri za Prometheus

Prometheus anali wolimba mtima, wanzeru, wofunitsitsa kuzemba aliyense yemwe angayime m'njira yake kuti akwaniritse cholinga chake chothandiza anthu. Sankaopa milungu yakale ya Olympus popeza anali wamtundu wina wapamwamba, anali titan, zolengedwa zomwe zimakhala m'chilengedwechi asanafike milungu iyi yachi Greek. Makhalidwe a khalidweli adawonjezera kulimba mtima kofunikira kuti achite zozizwitsa kwa anthu.

Umu ndimomwe zimakhalira popereka moto kwa anthu. Izi zidachitika pomwe Prometheus adapempha Zeus kuti alole anthu ake kukhala ndi moto, kuti athe kugwira ntchito zambiri ndikuphika chakudya chawo. Komabe, Zeus anakana kutero; zomwe zidakwiyitsa kwambiri Prometheus, kotero kuti poyang'anira mulungu dzuwa, amatha kujambula lawi lamoto ndikupita nayo kwa anthu ake okondedwa. Izi zidawonetsa chiyambi chobwezera mulungu wa milungu motsutsana ndi titan.

Monga ngati sizinali zokwanira, ndi cholinga chopereka chakudya chabwino kwa anthu padziko lapansi, adanyoza Zeus kachiwiri pomunyenga ndi nsembe ya ng'ombe. Izi zinali za milungu, mwanzeru Prometheus adapereka kwa anthu kuti adye bwino pamwambowu. Kuyambira pamenepo, mulungu uyu adalengeza chigamulo chankhanza kwambiri kwa titan wowolowa manja, monga chilango chifukwa cha zoyipa zake zosakhululukidwa.

Chilango cha Prometheus

Zeus, wokwiya ndi kulimba mtima kwa Prometheus, ponena kuti ndikunyoza milungu, analamula Hephaestus ndi Cratos kuti amumangirire kwamuyaya ku thanthwe la phiri la Caucasus. Kumeneko adzakhala kwanthawizonse popanda wina woswa maunyolo ake.

Mpaka tsiku limodzi labwino, Hercules, yemwe akudutsa m'derali limodzi ndi uta ndi muvi, akuwona kuleza mtima kwa titan ndipo sankhani kumasula osaganizira kawiri. Palibe kukayika kuti Prometheus anali othokoza kwambiri kwa Hercules chifukwa chosiya kuti amumasule.

Prometheus ndi Pandora

Prometheus akangomasulidwa ku chilango chamuyaya, ludzu la Zeus lakubwezera limakulirakulira. Ndani angaganize zomwe angachite atadzaza ndi udani komanso zoyipa zambiri motsutsana ndi titan ndi anthu onse? Ndi malingaliro oyipa okhawo omwe angapangitse Machiavellian kubwezera.

Anakumana ndi milungu ina yamphamvu kwambiri motero adakonza chiwembu pomubwezera. Kodi kusuntha kwanu kwotsatira kungakhale chiyani? Pangani mkazi wokongola kuti apereke Prometheus, dzina lake anali pandora. Ananyamula mphatso yakupha yomwe amayenera kumpatsa.

Hephaestus adagwira nawo ntchitoyi, yemwe adatenga dothi ndikuchita ziwalo zonse, Athena adamupangira zovala zonse, pomwe Hermes adadzipereka kuti amupatse ukazi komanso kukoma kwake. Pomaliza, Zeus ndiye adapatsa moyo wake ndikupanga mphatso yomwe anali nayo ya Prometheus.

Atakonzeka, Hermes adapita naye ku Prometheus. Inde, adadziwa kuti panali china chake cholakwika ndi milungu yowopsayi. Ngakhale adachenjeza mchimwene wake za Zeus za macabre, Epimetheus adadzipereka kukongola kwake ndipo sakanatha kukwatirana naye.

Tsiku lina latsoka mkazi wokongola adatsegula mphatsoyo, bokosi lomwe limanyamula zovuta zonse zomwe anthu angavutike nazo. Zoipazo zinafalikira padziko lonse popanda aliyense kupulumutsidwa kwa iwo. Mu ichi Bokosi la Pandora inalinso ndi chiyembekezo, chomwe sichinapulumuke pamodzi ndi zoyipa ndi zovuta, chifukwa adatseka chisanachoke.

Pakadali pano nthano ya anthu otchukawa yomwe imatilimbikitsa kwambiri imadziwika. Prometheus anali chitsanzo cha kuwolowa manja kwa anthu. Adakana mphatso yoonekera kwambiri chifukwa sanakhulupirire omwe adampatsa ndipo, ngakhale adachenjeza mchimwene wake za izi, adanyalanyaza ndipo onse adakumana ndi zoyipa.

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