Zolemba za ku France: ndi chiyani?

Mdziko la galamala, mawu oyamba ndi ofunika chifukwa timawagwiritsa ntchito tsiku lililonse osazindikira. Izi zimatanthauzidwa ngati mawu omwe amalumikizana ndi gawo lina la ziganizo kuti afotokozere ubale womwe ulipo pakati pazinthu ziwirizi.

maumboni mu Chifalansa

Maubwenzi awa omwe tidakuwuzani kumbuyo kuno nthawi zambiri amakhala mwachitsanzo chitsogozo, malo kapena nthawi koma atha kukhala ndi cholinga china kuposa chomwe tangokutchulani.

maumboni mu Chifalansa

Tsopano kuyang'ana kwa iwo omwe amaphunzira Chifalansa, maumboni ndi omwe angakhale ovuta kwambiri kuti muphunzire kapena chimodzi mwazinthu zovuta kwambiri. Chifukwa chiyani zili chonchi? Chifukwa mawu, matanthauzo, ndi njira zomwe mawu amalembedwera mawu oyamba mu Chifalansa amatenga nthawi kuti aphunzire, kumvetsetsa kapena kuloweza pamtima chifukwa zimatenga nthawi kuti aziwerenga. Koma osadandaula, apa tikuwonetsani njira yosavuta.

Tsopano tiyeni tisiyanitse mitundu yamanenedwe kuti mudzidziwe kale, choyamba tili ndi udindo kenako malo (kupita kuti, kuchokera kuti, kuti).

Zolemba zachi French zofananira

ndi ziwonetsero zamalo mu French Ndiwo omwe nthawi zambiri amayika chinthu mumlengalenga, ndiye kuti, amachiyika, chofunikira ndichakuti amagwiritsidwa ntchito chimodzimodzi monga Chisipanishi, mwina kuchokera kutsogolo kwa dzinalo kapena atha kuphatikizanso mawuwa "De".

Kuti muthe kuphunzira bwino ndikumvetsetsa gawoli, timagawaniza zomwe zakhala zikuyimira pakati, motere: zomwe sizinyamula ndi zomwe zimanyamula.

maumboni aku France

Chiwonetsero popanda de

Mawu olembedwa mu Chifalansa opanda de ndi omwe sadzakhalapo ndi "de" ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zonse patsogolo pa zomwe timalemba. Apa tikupatsani zitsanzo kuti mutha kudziyendetsa bwino mukamaphunzira nkhani yovutayi. Choyamba tidzakuwuzani zomwe zalembedwazi mu Chifalansa, ndiye tanthauzo lake m'Chisipanishi ndipo pamapeto pake tikupatsani chitsanzo.

  • Wopindulitsa ——–> kutsogolo / kutsogolo ——–> Ils t'attendent kutsogolo la porte (amakudikirirani patsogolo pa chitseko)
  • Kumwera ——–> za ——–> Le chat dort sur sofa (mphaka akugona pa sofa)
  • Derrière ——–> kumbuyo ——–> Ndikuphunzira kuti palibe amene akufuna kumbuyo moi (ndinamva phokoso kumbuyo kwanga)
  • Sous——–> pansi / pansi ——–> Woyendetsa J'aime sous la pluie (Ndimakonda kuyenda mumvula)
  • Kulimbana ——–> motsutsana ——–> La voiture s'écrasa ndi le mur (galimoto idagwera pakhoma)

Pachithunzipa m'munsimu tikusiyirani zitsanzo zambiri zamanenedwe achifalansa popanda de kuti mutha kuphunzira, chifukwa chake tidadutsa kale ndi mtundu wina wamanenedwewo.

Chiwonetsero ndi de

Mitundu yamatchulidweyi imanyamula "kuchokera" kuti athe kutanthauza china chake, kapena kuti athe kumaliza sentensi yokhala ndi chidziwitso. Koma nthawi zina sikofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito "ya" chifukwa imagwiritsidwa ntchito mwamtheradi.

Apa tikuwonetsani kufanizira:

  • Iye amakhala mosangalala pafupi zedi mo.

Amakhala pafupi kwambiri ndi nyumba yanga

  • Iye amakhala mosangalala kutseka.

Amakhala pafupi kwambiri.

M'munsimu mudzakhala ndi mndandanda wathunthu ndi maumboni achi French omwe ali ndi "de" (monga tidachitira kale, tidzakuwuzani zoyambirira mu French, kenako m'Chisipanishi kenako chitsanzo mu chilankhulo cha Chifalansa).

  • Près de ——–> near ——–> Il ya une taxi pafupi la gare (Pali taxi pomwe pafupi ndi siteshoni ya sitima)
  • au-dessous de ——–> pansipa ——–> Kutentha ndi pansipa de zéro (Kutentha kumakhala pansipa zero)
  • au milieu de ——–> pakati pa ——–> À l'instant, ine sens kapena milie de nulle part (Pakadali pano, ndikumva pakati pena paliponse)
  • Loin de ——–> kutali ndi ——–> Gardez les enfants chiuno cha l'étang (Pewani ana kutali ndi dziwe)

Zolemba zamalo

Tikayang'ana bwino, "kuti", "kuti" kapena "kuchokera" amatanthauza zomwezo koma tikungosintha mawuwo, sichoncho? Zomwe tikudziwa ndikuti kalata "a" m'Chisipanishi imawonetsa komwe tikufuna kupita kapena komwe tikupita, "kuchokera" akuwonetsa mzinda womwe mumakhala kapena komwe mumachokera ndipo pamapeto pake "mu" akuwonetsa gawo kapena malo omwe timakhalamo.

  • Ndikupita ku Buenos Aires.
  • Ndili mu buenos aires.
  • Ndimachokera ku Buenos Aires.

Tidzawona kuti m'Chifalansa mawu omwewo amagwiritsidwanso ntchito kuti "kuti" ndi "kuti", mudzakhala mukuganiza momwe mungadziwire, yankho ndi kuti muyenera kuyang'ana mneni komanso potengera chiganizocho Popanda kuwonjezera, khalani tcheru chifukwa muyenera kuwona momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito chifukwa mutha kupanga kuti chiganizo chanu chisamveke bwino.

  • Ndimachita Paris.
  • Ndikupita ku Paris.
  • Ndinali ku Paris.

Tikukhulupirira kuti nkhaniyi yakuthandizani kuti muwunikenso kapena kuphunzira mutuwu mu Chifalansa, tikukufunirani zabwino zonse pakuphunzira kwanu, komanso kuti zisakhale zosavuta kwa inu, nayi kanema wofotokozera mutuwo:

Kusiya ndemanga